From Water to Air: Scientific Pathways towards a Clearer, Cleaner Future

November 5th and 6th
St. Prex/Lausanne, Switzerland

This two-day conference will focus on the challenges that exist and those that lie ahead if we do not properly address the issues that the planet currently faces. Air and water are critically joined in life on the planet. Air without water, like water without air, does not sustain life. The recent pandemic has engendered additional focus on this essential reality as science has worked to unravel the characteristics of the virus transmission. Poor air quality is a leading cause of death in developing countries and clean water an increasingly scare resource. We will consider many of the scientific insights and breakthrough discoveries including new modes of breathing hygiene, energy generation, and water procurement that can provide a sustainable pathway forward. This conference will be live-streamed by JASON Learning.

Next Breath is a charity that aims to bring advances in the cleaning of air emerging from the COVID-19 pandemic to those of the world’s 1.6 billion children most at risk of the health and learning risks of dirty air. Led by Lorie Karnath, founding editor of Molecular Frontiers Journal, Next Breath is leveraging charitable support to organize in late 2021 an international scientific conference called The Next Breath in Lausanne in partnership with the World Frontiers Forum, while partnering with other nonprofit and for-profit organizations to bring the simplest and most accessible non-therapeutic interventions to the kids who most need them.

Conference Schedule

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Session One: Earth, Climate Crises, Global Health

November 5th, 2021

9:00am – 12:30pm local (Switzerland), 4:00am – 7:30am Eastern Time (U.S.A.)

Session One Live Stream Link: https://youtu.be/LbwyxXayByw

9:00am – Welcome Address 

9:15am –  Our Place in Time Prof. Donald Johanson, Arizona State

9:30am –  From Poliomyelitis to the COVID-19 Pandemic. Reflections by a Virologist, Prof. Erling Norrby, Royal Swedish Academy of Science

9:45am –  Is Clean Indoor Air a Politically Impossible Goal? Prof. Lidia Morawska, Queensland Technological University 

10:00am –  Panel Discussion, moderated by Lorie Karnath, Next Breath 

10:30am –  Break

10:45am –  Cool but Dangerous: How climate change is increasing the risk of airborne infections Prof. Ed Nardell, Harvard School of Public Health 

11:00am –  Perspectives from the epicenter of the virus – A case for upper airway hygiene to mitigate respiratory disease Dr. Carol George, Bangalore Baptist Hospital 

11:15am –  Breathing better in a dirty world: What airborne infectious disease teaches us Prof. Tony Hickey, Distinguished Fellow, RTI International 

11:30am –  The Need for Multisectoral Action for Human and Planetary Health Prof. Peter Friberg, SIGHT and Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University and Prof. Goran Tomson, SIGHT and Karolinska Institute 

11:45am –  Panel Discussion 

12:30pm –  Lunch

Session Two: From Water to Air

November 5th, 2021

1:30pm – 3:00pm local (Switzerland), 8:30am – 10:00am Eastern Time (U.S.A.)

Session Two Live Stream Link: https://youtu.be/W0KhEQ-C69c

1:30pm –  How can systems approaches inform our evidence base for scientific guidance development
and implementation? Dr. John Grove, World Health Organization

1:45pm –  Digital Epidemiology and the Covid-19 Pandemic Prof. John Brownstein, Harvard Medical School and Children’s Hospital Boston

2:00pm –  The beasts we breathe out: studies on directly sampled exhalations Prof. Michael Barer, University of Leicester

2:15pm –  Exhaled Aerosols and Virus Infection Dr. Gerhard Scheuch, GS Bio-Inhalation

2:30pm –  Panel Discussion

3:00pm –  Break

Session Three: From Water to Air – continued

November 5th, 2021

3:15pm – 4:15pm local (Switzerland), 10:15am – 11:15am Eastern Time (U.S.A.)

Session Three Live Stream Link: https://youtu.be/PbGkVxoqKp4

3:15pm –  When Particles Make Drugs & Vaccines Work – From Treating tumors to a Covid-19 Vaccine Prof. Robert Langer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

3:30pm –  Acoustic Epidemiology: What Cough Can Teach Us About Ourselves and the World We Live In Prof. Peter Small, Stony Brook’s Global Health Institute (GHI)

3:45pm –  Aerosol Infectivity and Respiratory Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 Prof. Chad Roy, Tulane University

4:00pm –  Effect of Relative Humidity in Air on the Transmission of Viral Respiratory Infections Prof. Richard Zare, Stanford University

4:15pm –  Panel Discussion

Session Four: Pathways towards a Clearer, Cleaner Future-The Future of Life

November 6th, 2021

9:00am – 10:30am local (Switzerland), 4:00am – 5:30am Eastern Time (U.S.A.)

Session Four Live Stream Link: https://youtu.be/UdktK9S02X0 (part 1)
https://youtu.be/_tQleB5N1ls (part 2)

9:00am –  Welcome

9:15am –  Portable CRISPR Point of Care Detection of COVID 19 Prof. Melanie Ott, Gladstone Institute and University of California San Francisco

9:30am –  Myths and facts about filtering air with face-masks Dr. Adriaan Bax, National Institute of Health

9:45am –  SARS-CoV2 and air pollution interactions Prof. Kian Fan Chung, Imperial College

10:00am –  Climate Change and a clean energy transformation: Will it bring cleaner air for all? Prof. Dan Schrag, Harvard University

10:15am –  On the Quantification of Phenotype and the State of our hydrated relationship to the environment Prof. Denny Ausiello, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital

10:30am –  Panel Discussion, moderated by Lorie Karnath, Next Breath

11:00am –  Break

11:15am –  Airway Hydration as the Next Human Hygiene Prof. David Edwards, Harvard University

11:30am –  The Air Economy Powered by Reticular Chemistry for Clean Water from Air, Clean Energy from Air, and Clean Air Prof. Omar Yaghi, Berkeley University

11:45am –  A Scientific Recipe for Saving the World Prof. Bengt Norden, Chalmers University, Royal Swedish Academy of Science

12:00pm –  General Discussions / Conclusions

Conference Hosts

Lorie Karnath

President of Next Breath
Founder of the Molecular Frontiers Journal

Xavière Masson

Founder of Next Breath
Director of World Frontiers Forum

Conference Speakers

Donald Johanson, PhD

Founding Director and Virginia M Ullman Chair in Human Origins Faculty w/ Admin Appointment, TEMPE Campus, Arizona State University Founding Director of the Institute of Human Origins

Our Place in Time

“When we look at humans in the perspective of time, it is humbling and disconcerting to see how much we have impacted the planet, for better or for worse since our relatively recent arrival.”

Erling Norrby, MD, PhD

Royal Swedish Academy

From Poliomyelitis to the COVID-19 Pandemic. Reflections by a Virologist.

Viruses are the most prevalent biological entities in our world. They have played a central role in the evolutionary developments of progressively more advanced forms of life. In special cases, they may cause disease that can spread effectively in our present-day global society. The advance of science and technology, not least in the field of molecular biology, allows a control of pandemics.

Distinguished Professor Lidia Morawska, PhD

Distinguished Professor and Director, International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health
Co-Director for Australia, Australia-China Centre for Air Quality Science and Management
Queensland Technological University

Is Clean Indoor Air a Politically Impossible Goal?

“We live on the planet Earth. We each have one life to live. Keeping this planet habitable, with a clean, unpolluted atmosphere, and filling our indoor spaces, where we spend the vast majority of our time, with air free of pollution and with a minimal level of infectious pathogens, should be our foremost aim and scientific as well as political objective.

Edward Anthony Nardell, MD

Director of Harvard University Center for the Environment
Sturgis Hooper Professor of Geology & Professor of Environmental Science & Engineering
Harvard University

Cool but Dangerous: How climate change is increasing the risk of airborne infections

“Much of the world depends on natural ventilation, that is, open windows, for airborne infection control. But windows are being closed because of increasing heat, humidity, and air pollution around the world, especially in countries with both climate change and sufficient resources in the population to install air conditioning. The result is an immediate sharp increase in the risk of airborne infections such as Covid-19, influenza, and tuberculosis. Although immunization and effective disease control are part of the solution, replacing outdoor air ventilation with efficient air disinfection is another important intervention that is not currently being done.”

Carolin Elizabeth George, MBBS, MD

Director, Community Health, Family Medicine, Palliative care & Research Division
Bangalore Baptist Hospital

Perspectives from the epicenter of the virus – A case for nasal hygiene to mitigate respiratory disease

“If you wish to change air quality, society in its entirety has to change. This takes time and until this happens if you have a way to keep people’s airways clean, this can provide a way to help.”

Anthony J. Hickey, PhD

Distinguished Fellow
RTI International

Breathing better in a dirty world: What airborne infectious disease teaches us

“The Lungs are a window to the environment. Nature can instruct us on keeping the window clean.”

Peter Friberg, PhD

Co-founder & Director, Swedish Institute for Global Health Transformation (SIGHT)
Professor of Global Public Health, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University

The Need for Multisectoral Action for Human and Planetary Health

“My vision and task is to make the most for a good health and well-being for today’s and coming generations.”

Göran Tomson, PhD

Counselor Presidents Office UN Agenda 2030 KI
Senior Advisor, SIGHT
Professor of International Health Systems Research, Korlinska Institute

The Need for Multisectoral Action for Human and Planetary Health

“Global health needs the 3 i’s – interdisciplinary and implementation research as well as intersectoral approaches.”

John Grove, PhD

Director of Quality Assurance for Norms and Standards, World Health Organization
WHO Representative on SIGHT Advisory Group

How can systems approaches inform our evidence base for scientific guidance development and implementation?

“Linearity and traditional thinking on these problems only take us so far – we have to put the time and effort in to considering dynamics of people, places and pathogens in both research design and policy recommendations.”

John Brownstein, PhD

Chief Innovation Officer, Boston Children’s Hospital
Professor, Harvard Medical School

Digital Epidemiology and the Covid-19 Pandemic

“While the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed deep global vulnerabilities, it has also unlocked a tremendous amount of science compressed in a short two year span. Transformational research ranging from vaccine discovery all the way to aerosol science will hopefully lay the foundation for our ability to detect and respond to future pandemics.”

Michael Barer, PhD

Professor of Clinical Microbiology and Honorary Consultant Microbiologist
University of Leicest

The beasts we breathe out: Studies on directly samples exhalations

“I have been astonished by the likely scale of our microbial exchange through the air revealed by sampling with face masks. Just breathing, let alone talking, singing, and shouting releases thousands of organisms every minute from different parts of our respiratory systems. The beasts we breathe ou spread infection, but do they influence our lives in other ways?”

Gerhard Scheuch, PhD

CEO, GS Bio-Inhalation

Exhaled Aerosols and Virus Infection

“It is important to understand, that even quiet breathing is enough to generate aerosols in the deep lung which are exhaled. A viral infection intensifies this process so that several orders of magnitude more aerosols are produced and exhaled. In that way, a person becomes a ‘virus super-emitter’ and may cause a cluster infection.”

Robert Langer, PhD

American Chemical Engineer, Scientist, Entrepreneur, and Inventor
One of the twelve Institute Professors at MIT

When Particles Make Drugs & Vaccines Work – From Treating Tumors to a Covid-19 Vaccine

“I’ve really enjoyed doing basic research on micro and nano particles and it’s been remarkable for me to see the impact these particles have had on the world.”

Peter Small, PhD

Founding Director, Stony Brook’s Global Health Institute (GHI)
Affiliate Professor of Global Health, University of Washington
Chief Medical Officer, Hyfe, Inc

Acoustic Epidemiology: What Cough Can Teach Us About Ourselves and the World We Live In

“Cough is a rich signal that contains information about the health of individuals, communities and environments. The ability of AI enabled devices to monitor coughing will empower patients, improve the delivery of health care, assist pandemic prevention and perhaps provide real time information on air quality.”

Chad J Roy, PhD

Professor
Director, Infectious Disease Aerobiology
Tulane University School of Medicine

Aerosol Infectivity and Respiratory Transmission of SARS-CoV-2

“Airborne transmissible infectious disease has plagued humankind for millennia. Gaining a better understanding of the innate contagion of pathogenic aerosols and the complexity of infection remains one of the greatest labors of our time.”

Richard Zare, PhD

Marguerite Blake Wilbur Professor of Natural Sciences & Professor of Physics
School of Humanities & Sciences, Stanford University

Effect of Relative Humidity in Air on the Transmission of Viral Respiratory Infection

“Respiratory disease, caused for example by influenza A or SARS-CoV-2 virus, is known to be seasonal, peaking in the wintertime and falling off in the summertime. The physical and chemical basis for this behavior is suggested in this presentation.”

Melanie Ott, MD, PhD

Director, Gladstone Institute of Virology
Professor of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco

Portable CRISPR Point of Care Detection of COVID-19

“Airborne pathogens are on the rise and affect everybody. In order to get ahead, interdisciplinary collaborations are necessary to know what is in the air around us all the time.”

Adriaan Bax, Ph.D.

NIH Distinguished Investigator
Section Chief: Biophysical Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Section, Laboratory of Chemical Physics

Myths and facts about filtering air with facemasks

“It’s stunning to see how misunderstood and poorly studied the filtering effects of face masks are, despite being the simplest of all tools in combating COVID-19.”

Kian Fan Chung MD, DSc, FRCP

Professor of Respiratory Medicine, National Heart & Lung Institute, Imperial College London
Respiratory Physician, Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust

SARS-CoV2 and air pollution interactions

“SARS-CoV2 may travel in the air with particulates. The question is whether this provides an advantage to the infectious agent, and the implications thereof.”

Daniel Schrag, PhD

Director of Harvard University Center for the Environment
Sturgis Hooper Professor of Geology & Professor of Environmental Science & Engineering
Harvard University

Climate Change and a Clean Energy Transformation: Will it bring cleaner air for all?

“Transforming our energy systems to address the growing threat of climate change has huge potential to transform our experience of urban environments through cleaner air and water. But the re-engineering of our systems also raises major questions about equity and cost that must be addressed if political support for such efforts will be sustained over the coming decades.”

Dennis Ausiello, M.D.

Director, Center for Assessment Technology & Continuous Health (CATCH)
Co-founder of Next Breath and World Frontiers Forum

Regulation of our body’s most important constituent: water

“As our environment becomes more hostile to our public health, personal, prophylactic hygiene becomes more important to our quality of life.”

David Edwards, PhD

Scientist and Inventor
Long-standing professor of the practice of bioengineering at Harvard University
Founder of FEND and the new food concept Senses near MIT

Why the Breathing of Water & Salt Matters for Respiratory Health

“We are in a sensory disequilibrium with an altered environment. Basic processes of living – breathing, eating, sleeping, increasingly hurt us. Helping our bodies adapt in the near term is as critical as cleaning planetary air and water for generations to come.”

Omar M. Yaghi, PhD

James and Neeltje Tretter Chair Professor of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley
Elected Member of the US National Academy of Sciences

The Air Economy Powered by Reticular Chemistry for Clean Water from Air, Clean Energy from Air and Clean Air

“Humanity has never faced a problem that we could not solve when we committed resources and had the will to solve it. We need to care about the things that we do not see – we need to study those things and bring them fruitfully to society.”

Bengt Norden, PhD

Physical Chemist, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

A Scientific Recipe for Saving the World

“I am optimistic about our possibilities to mitigate the challenges that currently trouble planet Earth. Already we know how to utilize solar energy to produce electricity and how to produce hydrogen gas by electrolysis of water, as well as how to combine hydrogen and carbon dioxide to make fuels that can be used for aviation propulsion. Eventually, fuel cells that combine hydrogen with oxygen from the air, and produce only water as exhaust will be used to run cars, this, once convenient ways for storing and distributing hydrogen are developed.”